Three main points: Living together, thinking of forever...
1. Tragedy of the Commons
2. Conservation movement
3. Urban Sprawl
Tragedy of the commons (old idea, new article) 1968 Garret Harding KNOW THIS...
An old 1833 concept from farming villages, article updated in 1968 this to include rivers, streams, ocean, air...
Externalized costs, externality: shedding financial responsibility for your impact the the whole
Conservation movement: Important peeps
Ralph Waldo Emerson-"Nature" "behind nature, throughout nature, spirit is present"
Henry David Thoreau-Walden "truth in nature and wilderness over the deceits of urban civilization"
Ansel Adams: Photographer championed the National Parks:
"it's a place that you step into, and you don't know what's going to happen, a place that can surprise you, it's a place where you are small, where being small is not a bad thing, where being small is actually a wonderful thing"
-Carl Pope, Sierra Club
"...the world is beautiful, that humanity is part of this larger world, that the concerns of the moment are part but not separate from a larger system of forces that that connect us to all creation"
Jonathan Spaulding, Biographer
Teddy Roosevelt- ca. 1900, National Parks
first two minutes, start again at 7:00-10:00
Note influence of railroads in parks as well as all lands in the west
Aldo Leopold-environmental ethics, wildlife management, conservation, Sand County Almanac (Wisconsin)
John Muir-started the Sierra Club: "wilderness mirrors divinity, nourishes humanity and vivifies the spirit"
Rachel Carson-silent spring DDT (persistent pesticide, weakens bird egg shells), 1963:
BLM: Bureau of Land Management
USFS: US Forest Service
NPS: National Park Service
FWS: Fish and Wildlife Service
Forests: clear cut vs. selective cut
Fire management: Yellowstone fire 1988
USFS prefers many small fires, removing flammable underbrush
NEPA: National Environmental Policy Act 1969 (why then?)
EIS (environmental impact statements) are new standard for any project
UGB (Urban Growth Boundary)
Prevents Urban Sprawl (richer folks move to the suburbs, commute, need parking, city dies from the inside, food deserts, etc.)
Portland Example of urban planning:
Tom McCall Governor of Oregon, 1967-1975
Charlie Hales Mayor of Portland 2013-2017
E2 video: Portland: Sense of Place....listen for Brad Pitt: