Grey to green

Grey to green: Alex
  1. What percentage of our landfills is construction waste?
  2. What were the challenges of building the new highway underground? What was the increase of original cost to final cost?
  3. What are inverset slabs? What did the guy do with them?
  4. What is Six Moon Hill? How does it connect with “utopianism”
  5. How did the central heating system of the final house look?
  6. How long did it take to build the house? How much does it weigh?
  7. How did they filter/reclaim rainwater? Why is this important?
  8. Why are successful models important for the future of sustainable development?
  9. What kind of mandate for temporary structures is he proposing, and how would this help the waste problem?
  10. What is the idea of adaptive reuse/usage?


Village Architect

Village Architect: Ivanni
  1. What is Brian Mackay-Lyons’ definition of vernacular?
  2. How is his view more democratic?
  3. How can one “cultivate a relationship with the landscape”?
  4. In which ways is the new contemporary homes similar to the 400 year old buildings?
  5. What is the zero project?
  6. How is consumption the problem?
  7. How is range of different homes beneficial?
  8. Critical regionalism includes learning from the historical buildings an. What are some ways Brian Mackay-Lyon used this is his buildings?
  9. Why is the idea of timelessness more sustainable?
  10. How does using techniques of local culture and history move to the modern world?
  11. why is his company named “sweetapple”?
  12. what is the economic tone in Nova Scotia? Where are folks there from? Who settled there? What does the name mean?
  13. what was his relationship with his professors? How did this impact his creativity?
  14. check out their site:
  15. check out ghost lab:
  16. notice that the buildings are tall-how does this make heating them more efficient?
  17. how did the farmers know about passive solutions?
  18. how did the thin building use glass to make it seem bigger?
  19. Do you like Peter’s house?
  20. How is his idea applicable to other countries?


Green machine-Chicago
Green Machine-Yiyu and Robert

  1. What are the two reasons that people flock to Chicago?
  2. What does the mayor want?
  3. How long does the lady think it will take for cities to decide what they want to do about becoming greener?
  4. "Finding solutions to ____"
  5. What is the phenomenon called when a city creates very high temperatures despite outside conditions?
  6. How was the green movement started in Chicago?
  7. What was the thing the Mayor did that caused backlash?
  8. What is the significance of being a "Platinum Building"?
  9. What do they do with storm water?
  10. Are the strategies they employ straightforward or complicated?
  11. What uses 40% of all our energy and emits 50% of all our green house gasses?
  12. How much of the population in the world live in cities?
  13. What is Chicago a Laboratory for Now?
  14. What are two places they named that you would think of when someones says the green movement?
  15. Who came up withe the idea to put a green roof on city hall and where did he see it for the first time?
  16. why are there spiders where the bees are and why do the bees like it up on top of city hall?
  17. What did making city hall green tell developers and public agencies?
  18. How many types of Photovoltaic cells are there around the building where they are created?
  19. What are the roofs made of on the police building and how does that benefit the building?
  20. How is it Ironic to put a green roof on top of McDonalds?


Ladakh School-Cairo Garden


Ladakh School: Matt, Amelia, Ashley
  1. What does the 12th Gyalwang Drukpa say about beauty and foundations?
  2. What is the 12th Gyalwang Drukpa’s goal with his school?
  3. How tall is the highest point in Ladakh?
  4. What religion do people practice in Ladakh?
  5. How did the school’s assembly courtyard mirror buddhist teachings?
  6. Where did the granite for the school come from?
  7. How does the school’s design make use of sunlight?
  8. Why do the school’s latrines operate on a yearly cycle?
  9. How does the school serve as a model for other schools around the world?
  10. How did this video inspire you?
  11. How are they utilizing the sun?
  12. What can we learn from monasteries ?
  13. Why is this crafting of this place so special?
  14. What is unique about it?
  15. What example for others is His Holiness trying to display with the design of the Lotus school?
  16. What is his idea of appropriate modernization?
  17. Who were the school buildings designed by?
  18. How many buildings are completed for the school project in Druk every year?
  19. What does the Buddhist Mandala symbol represent?
  20. The school buildings are a combination of two essential properties. What are those?
  21. Why is it important that the materials used to build the buildings are completely local?
  22. What age old strategy is the whole school designed around?
  23. How does the school find and use water efficiently?
  24. Although the children in the school are educated modernly, in what way do they learn how to preserve their own culture?

Garden in Cairo:

Q1) do you think that technology/industries are valued over people's lives, or is it the other way? And should we dominate the environment?

Q2) What is the economics of Cairo based on?

Q3) How many people were in the entire Egypt during the mid 1800s? Why do they still have such high population density?

Q4) Based on the previous question, why is it crucial to have a Central Park in the most populated city, Cairo, in Egypt?

Q5) what was the citizens' original view on the Aga Khan's project? How did that change.

Q6) What dis the "His highness" say about the projects like this one?

Q7) What was the main problems in the Darb al-Arhma of the young adult despite having such many workshops? This happens all over the world in developing countries (myself included).

Q8) What do you think is the best way to solve this?

Q9) How are they helping the wood working industry? Is it reasonable and effective?

Q10) Does it make sense that helping a society to help themselves is the best way of saving them? What are the consequences of doing that?




Paris velib-Sora, Oliver, Julia

  1. Why did Paris decide to support mass transit? What are the benefits?
  2. When did the policy shifts start happening?

  3. How much traffic are they planning to cut by 2020?
  4. Where did the space for public transport come from?

  5. What does Velib stand for? What is the project’s aim?
  6. What are the benefits of the velibe? (Environmentally and Economically)
  7. How did they encourage the use of bikes (since 2005)?
  8. What is the "21st century mode of transport"?

  9. What made Paris so successful compared to other countries (Amsterdam)?
  10. Which businesses has benefited from this new change?
  11. How does Velib encourage short trips over leisure use? Why do they do this?
  12. How are the bicycles built and designed? Why?
  13. What do they mean by people seeing it as “grandpa’s bike”?
  14. What was taken into consideration with the specific design of Velib bikes?
  15. What problem has the Velib program encountered in terms of the terrain of Paris?
  16. How did they use the cities geography to their advantage?
  17. How is Velib a social technology?
  18. How does the bike repair boat work?
  19. What advantage does Velib have over the subway and the bus?
  20. Any good ideas?

Aviation limited-Karly

  1. What percent of the world’s transportation in powered by oil?
  2. Why do you think that the aviation impact was deemed a local problem until recently?
  3. What percent is the aviation industry growing each year?
  4. Which plane has recently become “revolutionary,” and why?
  5. At this point, what has to be sacrificed in order for the plane to be more fuel efficient?
  6. How come there are “interstates” in the air that planes fly the path of?
  7. How could access to restricted airspace help save fuel and put out less greenhouse emissions? Could this be a tool/argument to get countries that aren’t on the best terms to talk to each other?
  8. What are the “carbon offsets” that some airlines are selling?
  9. What metaphor is used to parallel what engineering a fuel is like?
  10. Which element is the hybrid airship inflated with? Why is this safer than the what the Hindenburg inflated with?




1. What are some of the reasons Mauricio Rodriguez cites for the inequality between rich and poor in the capital?

2. What do you think Enrique Peñalosa means when he says “making a city for people, and not so much for cars” ?

3. What happens every Sunday in Avenida el Dorado in Bogota? Do you think this sort of program could be applicable in other places?

4. What does TransMilenio mean and why is this name a key part of the vision for Bogota?

5. What does Enrique Peñalosa think is one of the most important features of any city and why?

6. What was the city able to do with all of the money saved from not building more highways?

7. How many mostly poor residents have been connected to a beneficial public space because of this walkway project?

8. How do available public spaces help to lower crime rates?

9. What message about the government’s priorities does the bike path send?

10. Looking at the pedestrian path built in Bogota, what are some other public infrastructure projects that could be done to further bring life to cities in similar situations?


1. Bogota is at high altitude (8660 ft), where pollution is much more common from cars/buses

2. Think of how the color and size of the buses made it easier to understand for the populace.

3. Consider the moral argument about cars…

4. Peñalosa was on a football scholarship to Duke-imagine that

5. Interesting parallel between his approach to walkways for the poor and our community college system-consider that.

6. Alameda translates to “popular grove” or “tree lined avenue” Make sense?

7. You could compare and contrast the Portland bike solutions with the Bogota ones as well…

8. Don’t you love the sense of ownership they convey?

9. If you knew the roads would be open just for bikes each weekend, how would it change your life? Would you plan social events? Join clubs? Take your family? Keep you bike tires pumped up?

Video order:




green machine


Law review


Energy problems worksheet

Energy problems worksheet:
Download file "Energy Problems Worksheet 2.pdf"


Predator prey lab

Rabbits and Lynx-oh my!
Lab handout (word version):
Download file "predator-prey-simulation12.doc"
Lab handout (pdf version):
Download file "predator-prey-simulation12.pdf"
Graph paper:
Download file "graph paper template 0.25inch.pdf"

Rabbits are one bold square (2.5 cm or about 1 inch) each.
Lynx are 7.5 cm, or three inches on each side.


Population simulation lab

This lab is a simulation of different growth rates, carrying capacities, and predator/prey relationships:
Download file "ESI-24-modeling_population_growth.pdf"
The sample data for the lab is below:
Excel spreadsheet version:
Download file "Population Growth Model.xls"
Numbers version:
Download file "Population Growth Model.numbers"


Fish game part 2

This lab is about estimating populations by tagging and sampling:
Download file "Something's Fishy Lab - AP Environmental Science Labs.pdf"

This lab is about sustainable fish populations, and the tragedy of the commons, using the same (by this time dirty) goldfish:
Download file "Tragedy of the Commons Gold Fish Lab.doc"
Download file "Tragedy of the Commons Gold Fish Lab.pdf"
Cleaner version:
Download file "TOTCGoldfishActiv.pdf"


Fish game part 1

fish game:

This online game is about collaboration and sustainable fishing:


Footprint calculator

Global Footprint calculator:

This link describes the footprint exercise, and how it was developed in partnership with our energy lab:

This is the footprint calculator (updated 2018):


Bio-Geo-Chemistry fun

Download file "Biogeochemical Cycle Project.pdf"


Candium half life lab

Download file "HalfLife Activity.pdf"


Talking trees

Talking trees:

TED talk:

Radiolab interview:

  1. How long are the fibers found in a pinch of soil?
  2. How are fungi miners?
  3. How are they hunters?
  4. Who directed the murder of the springtails?
  5. Salmon rings in trees? Explain.
  6. Look up “emergence” and explain how this relates to the forest


Green design-Renzo Piano

e2-design 3.4 Renzo Piano

Brad Pitt

  1. Have you ever visited the California Academy of Sciences (CAS)?
  2. What “story” is Piano telling?
  3. What environmental ethic went into the energy lab?
  4. If the earthquake of 1989 had not happened, do you think this would have been built?
  5. What is our mission here? What was our statement?
  6. How did the creative process differ from “normal” design processes? Why is this important?
  7. How is the term "transparency" used here? Do you see it here as well?
  8. How does this project combine honesty and green building?
  9. What do they mean by “biomorphic”?
  10. Look up biophilic building design. How is this relevant?
  11. This project combines research and education. Why might this be familiar to you?
  12. What two factors enable native species on the roof to resist invasive species?
  13. What "what if" would you imagine?
  14. In the frame with Sutro radio tower (look this up) in the background, what visual flow do you see? (15:21)
  15. We will soon learn about runoff and something called “water transit time”. How does the roof increase water transit time?
  16. Note the square white sound panels like the student union-how do these work?
  17. Piano describes ecology as a “moral duty”. Why?
  18. On the south lanai of the elab, there are special solar PV panels. Where else have you seen these? Why?
  19. Darwin traveled around the world collecting specimens that informed society about diversity and evolution. How is this similar at CAS, and why is it important today?
  20. How is this project empowering? To whom?


Post diagnostic exam topics

From your feedback:
atmospheres-names, layers, functions, weather
soil layers-names, functions of each
water treatment (three types)
acts, laws, treaties
environmental wisdom, POV, people
equations: t2, t1/2, ROI, TCO, efficiency
exponential growth
pH, water calculations
nuclear energy, types, plants, diagrams
population pyramids
LD50, toxicity
geological eras, names, order, history of each
conservation easements, land management
CFC, air pollution, Montreal Protocol
fertilizers, trace elements
streams, BOD, pollution types
anthropomorphic activity
energy production (RE and non RE)
thermodynamics (1,2,3 laws)
ocean zones: near/far, shallow/deep
cycles (P, N, O, C, S)
lands: federal and public
NOx and SOx criteria pollutants
Geology basics
biomes: alt, temp, water
ozone: terrestrial and stratospheric
famous folks: Aldo Leopold, etc.
riparian and limnotic zones

Your topics from August 2017: italic items need to be covered

carbon footprint

renewable resources

stars and galaxies



Hawaii environment


sustainability at HPA

NASA mission

home solar

noise pollution

biophilic design

island impacts-climate change


water conservation




bioMagnification: Many: food pyramid

bioAccumulation: A single organism

geologic time scale

rock cycle




federal and public lands

land conservation




flood control-dams, irrigation




laws and treaties

introduced species-Hawaii Hakalau



Ch.16 Waste generation and disposal

"humans are the only organism that produce waste others cannot use"
Disposable society-even worse with technology now
iFixit: "repair is noble"
It is also empowering...
e.g. cars, computers, appliances
TV repair: old and new
system integration-not just discrete parts (like kitchen appliances), computers=TV=radio
MSW=municipal (city) solid (not sewage) waste 60% from homes, 40% from industry
Main issues: packaging, food containers, water bottles

e-waste: toxic metals, non-compostable
What is compost?
3 R's: reduce (use less) reuse (use again, "super use") recycle (larger infrastructure-glass, paper, aluminum)
What happens to our recycling here in Waimea?
How different from Seattle, Portland or SF?

Closed loop vs. open loop recycling:
Closed loop: aluminum cans, carpet
Open loop: PET into jackets, tires into beams

Municipal composting:

Not done here...

Landfills (burying), incineration (burning) -see also plasma incineration of medical waste
Sanitary Landfill-MUST be lined with plastic:

Incinerator (like the one on Oahu):
Hazardous waste:
CERCLA ("Superfund"): Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation and Recovery Act
-taxes chemical and oil industries to fund cleanup and recovery sites "superfund sites"
RCRA: Resource Conservation and Recovery Act-solid waste laws

Look up Love Canal, Hooker Chemical

Look behind the elab for a brownfield site...

Life Cycle Analysis: Cradle to grave analysis (e.g. white macbooks vs. aluminum macbook pros)
William McDonough:
e2: Deeper shades of Green:

deeper shades of green e2

Ken Yeang-singapore library

William McDonough-upcycle vs. downcycle 10:30-17:15

"all children of all species for all time"

Werner Sobek-R128 (home on one truck) and R129 (soap bubble home)

Consider the energy lab: nothing in the elab can be toxic in production, use or disposal


e2 super use (recycling)

e2 super use

  1. Cesere says that “the only abnormal thing is mankind” Why?
  2. Do you recognize the recycling station in the Netherlands? (hint: think locally)
  3. What is the connection with waste streams?
  4. Why are architects uniquely crucial in the video?
  5. What recycled materials to you recognize in the espresso bar?
  6. What is the psychological aspect they mention?
  7. How is the design process “backwards thinking”?
  8. What did you think of the shoe store? Would you shop there? Why?
  9. What can you imagine using 6 billion tires per year for globally?
  10. If the tires are not recycled globally, what disease do they promote?
  11. There is a "gimmicky" aspect of these projects-how practical are they, and what special intelligence must be involved in any project? How does this compare to traditional projects?
  12. Again, psychologically how does curiosity about a store engage the customers?
  13. What is the "harvest map”? How could the internet make this more possible?
  14. What are the health aspects of using recycled materials? Why is it easier to use new materials from this aspect?
  15. Quantity, standardization and ease of use are cited-why?
  16. If "cradle to cradle” reuse becomes more pervasive, could some materials be created with recycling in mind? What are you thinking of?
  17. How does the Welpeloo project (glass home lady, Ingrid Blans) compare with the elab Living Building Challenge? Were any recycled materials used in the elab?
  18. What about her kitchen?
  19. All wood in the elab was “SPF” and “FSC certified”. Why are these important?
  20. Rotterdam was completely demolished in the second world war, as was Dresden and several other European cities. Architects love the architecture of Chicago. What do these three cities have in common, and what opportunities do they present?
  21. Why would the newer apartment buildings have insulation on the North side, and glass on the South side?
  22. Refurbishing existing buildings is a huge market, as opposed to tearing down a structure and starting from scratch. What are the benefits outlined in the video?
  23. What does "cheaper" really mean in the broadest sense?
  24. Why is "close by" important?
  25. Why are the “layers” in the design mentioned important?
  26. How does this reverse the normal design process?